Iodine, which is found in most thyroid glands in the body; It is an important mineral in terms of growth, development, nervous system and reproductive activities. The thyroid gland in the front of the neck is responsible for the production of thyroid hormones. The thyroid gland needs iodine to produce this hormone. In case of lack of iodine; goiter, developmental disability, mental retardation, metabolic disorder, abnormal weight gain can be seen. Iodine mineral; iodized salt, milk, eggs, green leafy vegetables, seafood, mineral waters, mineral waters, spinach, zucchini are found in many foods.
Distribution and Duties in the Body
An adult individual has 15-20 mg of iodine in his body. 70% of this is in the thyroid gland and the rest is in the tissues and blood. The thyroid gland requires iodine to function. Iodine is involved in the production of thyroid hormones in the thyroid gland.
Inadequate intake of iodine causes iodine deficiency diseases. Goiter is the growth of the thyroid gland in the front of the neck. Women living in iodine deficient regions; miscarriage, stillbirth, low birth weight, reproductive problems. Cretinism may occur in children born to pregnant women with iodine deficiency. The child is born with structural disorders, growth and development lags, deafness and dumbness, strabismus, mental abilities cannot develop and they become retarded . iodineis a major public health problem and the solution is to use iodized salt.
Iodine’s Top Foods
Iodine provides sufficient iodine and nutrients grown in soil. In countries with iodine deficiency diseases, iodine is added to salt, water and bread. Iodized salt should be stored in dark nylon bags and sealed containers .
What are iodine-containing foods?
Seafoods, fishes. Iodine contains tuna, haddock, deep-sea fish shrimp and all shellfish.
Iodized Salt: Salts containing iodine should be used in meals.
Vegetables: Turnip, chard, zucchini, beans, garlic, spinach and soybeans are some of the vegetables that contain iodine.
Milk, Cheese and Yogurt: These foods with a rich content of iodine will be supplemented. 1 glass of milk daily, 40%, 1 bowl of yoghurt daily, 60% of the portion meets.
Strawberry: The presence of iodine in fruit contains only strawberry iodine.6-7 strawberries meet 8% of the daily requirement.
Daily Iodine Requirement
Adult and youth of an individual’s daily needs of iodine 150 mcg of 90 children and McG . Pregnants are need 220 mcg , and 290 lactation is McG .